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Knee

Normal Anatomy of the Knee Joint

How does the Knee joint work?

Find out more in this web based movie.

Arthroscopy of the Knee Joint

Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into a joint. Arthroscopy is a term that comes from two Greek words, arthro-, meaning joint, and -skopein, meaning to examine.
The benefits of arthroscopy involve smaller incisions, faster healing, a more rapid recovery, and less scarring. Arthroscopic surgical procedures are often performed on an outpatient basis and the patient is able to return home on the same day.

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Revision Knee Replacement

This means that complete or a part of your previous knee replacement needs to be revised. This operation varies from a very minor adjustment to a massive operation replacing significant amount of bone and hence is difficult to describe in full.

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Arthritis

Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, is a chronic, degenerative joint disease that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults. Osteoarthritis is characterized by the breakdown of joint cartilage and adjacent bone in the neck, lower back, knees, hips and/or fingers. The disease is also known as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease.

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Artificial Knee Replacement

When a knee is so severely damaged by disease or injury, an artificial knee replacement may be considered. Approximately 267,000 knee replacement surgeries are performed annually in the US. The most common age for knee replacement is between ages 60 to 80 years old.

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Oxford Unicomparmental Knee Replacement

Joint deterioration can affect every aspect of a person’s life. In its early stages, it is common for people to ignore the symptoms of osteoarthritis, but as the disease progresses, activities like walking, driving, and standing become challenging, painful, and very dif?cult.

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Total Knee Arthroplasty

Joint deterioration can affect every aspect of a person’s life. In its early stages, it is common for people to ignore the symptoms of osteoarthritis, but as the disease progresses, activities like walking, driving, and standing become challenging, painful and very difficult.

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Ligament Injuries to the Knee

There are four major ligaments in the knee. Ligaments are elastic bands of tissue that connect bones to each other and provide stability and strength to the joint. The four main ligaments in the knee connect the femur (thighbone) to the tibia (shin bone) and include the following:

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Patella Malalignment/Dislocation

A displaced patella occurs when the kneecap (patella) slips out of its groove on the thigh bone (femur). Without the kneecap in its proper position, the knee will not be able to lock into place or move across its normal range of motion.

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Torn Meniscus

The ends of the three bones in the knee – the femur, tibia and patella – are covered with cartilage (a smooth material that covers bone ends of a joint to cushion the bone and allow the joint to move easily without pain) that acts as a shock absorber. Between the bones of the knees are two crescent-shaped discs of connective tissue, called menisci, which also act as shock absorbers to cushion the lower part of the leg from the weight of the rest of the body.

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Knee Conditions of Active Lifestyles

Jumper’s knee, also known as patellar tendonitis, is a condition characterized by inflammation of the patellar tendon, which connects the kneecap to the shin bone (tibia). The condition may be caused by overuse of the knee joint, such as frequent jumping on hard surfaces.

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MAKOplasty

MAKOplasty® is a novel surgical procedure performed to relieve pain caused by joint degeneration due to osteoarthritis. It is performed using the robotic-arm technology that allows the surgeon to precisely perform the surgery through a smaller incision as compared to traditional surgery.

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Exparel

Exparel is a new local anesthetic medication administered following joint replacement surgery. It is essentially composed of bupivacaine (numbing medicine) encapsulated in absorbable fat particles, which are gradually broken down by the body, releasing the drug over a long period of time. This prolongs pain relief, which is some cases can last up to 72 hours.

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Click on the topics below to find out more from the orthopedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons.